Black and brown horses eating hayPeople rely on a nutrient-rich diet to maintain their physical functions at their best. So, do animals, such as horses. Just because they are considered among the most kickass species from the animal kingdom does not mean they can go by without proper diet. Horses need food and energy as well.

Here are four of these essential dietary needs:


If you are raising a racehorse or rearing late-pregnant mares in New Zealand, your choice of horse feed must have sufficient calcium. This nutrient is responsible for your horses’ optimum bone and teeth health.

Digestible Energy

There are two operative words here: energy and digestibility. Your horses need to enough food source, which they could convert into energy. They likewise need to digest this food source efficiently. Energy sources for horses are much like those of humans’. These include carbohydrates, fat and protein.


Your horse’s total body mass is made up of 15% protein. This simple fact somehow proves contradictory to the belief shared by horse owners regarding how protein intake is bad for horses. The truth is your horses need protein to improve their blood stream’s nutrient transport, regulate their metabolism and safeguard their immune system, among other reasons.


Phosphorus works hand in hand with calcium in improving your horses’ bone health and skeletal structure. It also aids in critical bodily functions, such as in the development of cell membranes and the maintenance of your horses’ electrolyte balance.

It pays to know that you cannot just feed your horses with anything. A careful calculation is necessary to ensure that your horse gets the specific type and amount of these nutrients, which depends mainly on their weight and nutritional requirements.