Contamination of public water supply is one of the most common sources of water-borne diseases. Since several microorganisms require water to carry out their functions, public water might harbour bacteria, viruses and parasites. Therefore, the presence of a water filter system in the community is vital to promote health and prevent outbreaks, stresses Waterform.
How Do Water Filter Systems Work?
Wastewater comes from used water in houses, buildings, industries, manufacturing companies and commercial establishments. Used water is then returned through pipes to the sewage system for further filtering, processing and recycling. Successive treatment options will be done to get rid of disease-causing microorganisms in the water source. Water supply is deemed safe once harmful substances and organisms are no longer present.
What Test Confirms that the Water Supply is Safe?
After subsequent treatment of wastewater, further testing must be done to ensure that the water is potable. Bacteriological water analysis is the most preferred test to detect the presence of microscopic living organisms. It involves extraction of water samples to determine the concentration of bacteria.
If the test yields a positive result, further addition of chemical disinfectant is indicated. However, if extremely high concentrations of disease-causing bacteria are present, no treatment options are used, and water is disposed of.
What Illnesses Can Wastewater Treatment Prevent?
Since several microbes inhabit and multiply in water, wastewater treatment can prevent the onset of several water-borne illnesses such as typhoid fever and cholera, which are common causes of diarrheal outbreaks in the community. Transmission of water-washed illnesses such as scabies and conjunctivitis can also be prevented. Water-based diseases, which occur due to water ingestion or contact, are also significantly reduced with wastewater treatment.
To have a suitable water source, the community must have abundant supply safe water. It must also be free from hazardous substances and organisms. Therefore, wastewater treatment plays a crucial role to maintain a rich supply of potable water.